Hans Alfven and his contributions to Modern Astronomy

If you Wikipedia Hans Alfven this is what comes up

“Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén (Swedish: [alˈveːn]; 30 May 1908 – 2 April 1995) was a Swedish electrical engineer, plasma physicist and winner of the 1970 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). He described the class of MHD waves now known as Alfvén waves. He was originally trained as an electrical power engineer and later moved to research and teaching in the fields of plasma physics and electrical engineering. Alfvén made many contributions to plasma physics, including theories describing the behavior of aurorae, the Van Allen radiation belts, the effect of magnetic storms on the Earth’s magnetic field, the terrestrial magnetosphere, and the dynamics of plasmas in the Milky Way galaxy.”

Hans

If you dig a little deeper you will find

“Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén (Swedish: [alˈveːn]; 30 May 1908 – 2 April 1995) was a Swedish electrical engineer, plasma physicist and winner of the 1970 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). He described the class of MHD waves now known as Alfvén waves. He was originally trained as an electrical power engineer and later moved to research and teaching in the fields of plasma physics and electrical engineering. Alfvén made many contributions to plasma physics, including theories describing the behavior of aurorae, the Van Allen radiation belts, the effect of magnetic storms on the Earth’s magnetic field, the terrestrial magnetosphere, and the dynamics of plasmas in the Milky Way galaxy.”

Hasalfv

“Applications of Alfvén’s research in space science include:

Van Allen radiation belt theory
Reduction of the Earth’s magnetic field during magnetic storms
Magnetosphere (protective plasma covering the earth)
Formation of comet tails
Formation of the solar system
Dynamics of plasmas in the galaxy
Fundamental nature of the universe”

From here..

Hans Alfven in a Plasma universe

Hans Alfven did a lot of work with plasmas in the laboratory and recognised some of the same structures in space. This lead him to an understanding of workings within the universe that conflicted with mainstream Astronomy.

He was a critic against the Big Bang. ” The problem with the Big Bang was that astrophysicists tried to extrapolate the origin of the universe from mathematical theories developed on the blackboard. The Big Bang was a myth devised to explain creation, according to Alfvén”

“Alfvén’s work was disputed for many years by the senior scientist in space physics, the British-American geophysicist Sydney Chapman. Alfvén’s disagreements with Chapman stemmed in large part from trouble with the peer review system. Alfvén rarely benefited from the acceptance generally afforded senior scientists in scientific journals. He once submitted a paper on the theory of magnetic storms and auroras to the American journal Terrestrial Magnetism and Atmospheric Electricity, and his paper was rejected on the ground that it did not agree with the theoretical calculations of conventional physics of the time.”

Some quotes of his include

“I have always believed that astrophysics should be the extrapolation of laboratory physics, that we must begin from the present universe and work our way backward to progressively more remote and uncertain epochs.”

“We should remember that there was once a discipline called natural philosophy. Unfortunately, this discipline seems not to exist today. It has been renamed science, but science of today is in danger of losing much of the natural philosophy aspect.”

“Most people today still believe, perhaps unconsciously, in the heliocentric universe every newspaper in the land has a section on astrology, yet few have anything at all on astronomy.”

“We have to learn again that science without contact with experiments is an enterprise which is likely to go completely astray into imaginary conjecture.”
Hannes Alfven

His Honours include..

Honours
Alfvén was also honoured with the following:
1947 Member, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
1947 Member, Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences (resigned 1980).
1958 Foreign Member, Academy of Sciences of the USSR (Akademia NAUK).
1962 American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Boston.
1965 Honorary DSc, University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
1966 Foreign Member, National Academy of Sciences, Washington DC.
1967 Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society.
1970 Nobel Prize in Physics.
1971 Lomonosov Medal of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
1971 Gold Medal of the Franklin Institute.
1972 Foreign Member, Indian National Science Academy.
1974 Yugoslavian Academy of Science.
1977 Honorary DSc, University of Oxford.
1980 Foreign Member, Royal Society, London.
1985 Honorary PhD, Stockholm University.
1987 Bowie Gold Medal, American Geophysical Union.
1994 Dirac Medal, University of New South Wales and the Australian Institute of Physics.”

credits

http://www.plasma-universe.com/Hannes_Alfv%C3%A9n

Wiki

Arp 220 The Star Factory !!

The Star Factory

The galaxy Arp 220 is home to several giant star clusters—about 10 million solar masses—that are twice as massive as any comparable star cluster in the Milky Way Galaxy. McMaster University’s Christine Wilson is captivated by this turbulent galaxy that provides such a target-rich environment for watching stars form.

A little bit more about Arp 220 and apparently scientists have discovered amino acids there, you will have to excuse the talk of colliding galaxies.

Ingredients for life found ?

The most important thing about this system is not that is 2 colliding galaxies because this is what it is not, it is more like a growing system creating matter.

Quasi-Stellar Objects (QSO)                                 “we have found two pairs
of QSOs, one pair of objects at almost exactly the same angular distance from Arp 220 with redshifts that differ only by less than and a second pair at distances of 29 z p 0.009 .8 and 43.1,
respectively. As far as the first pair is concerned, the similarity of the redshifts and the fact that they lie along an axis through the nucleus of Arp 220 and are at roughly the same distance in opposite directions makes it highly unlikely that this is an accidental configuration.

The most likely explanation is that all four of these QSOs are physically associated with Arp 220 and have been ejected from it, so the redshifts are largely intrinsic in origin.

Click to access 015086.web.pdf

Quasars and modern Astronomy

Quasars , what the heck are they ?

Quasistellar objects, or quasars, were defined originally as star-like objects of large redshift. Today,
quasars are considered to be the most luminous members of the general class of objects called active galactic nuclei, or AGNs. Quasars are the brightest objects in the universe

We know about quasars because of observations from telescopes.

They are highly luminous and active, from which grow into active galaxies.

There is a lot of activity going on these quasars, matter formation, star creation.

Quasars
Quasars

We google Quasars and get from Wiki

“Quasars or quasi-stellar radio sources are the most energetic of a class of objects called active galactic nuclei (AGN). Quasars are extremely luminous and were first identified as being high redshift sources of electromagnetic energy, including radio waves and visible light, that appeared to be similar to stars, rather than extended sources similar to galaxies. Their spectra contain very broad emission lines, unlike any known from stars, hence the name “quasi-stellar.” Their luminosity can be 100 times greater than that of the Milky Way.”

Which is basically telling us, these things pump out energy !!

Then it all turns pear shaped with the media and Astronomy, they go on to say, as if on the drive for research dollars. “Most quasars were formed approximately 12 billion years ago caused by collisions of galaxies and their central black holes merging to form a supermassive black hole.”

A classic example of this is microquasar IGR J17091-3624. Once again if we look the IGR number up we get, from Wiki a Black hole and you may find in a  number of science article they refer to this system as proof of a black hole !

Is there any rational discussion about this system going on ?

Well yes but I suppose it depends how far you want to venture down the rabbit hole. Well it didn’t take me long and I found.

“Microquasar IGR J17091-3624 exhibits faint, quasi-periodical outbursts of the period between 5 and 70 seconds and regular amplitudes, frequently referred to as the
’heartbeat state’. ”

From here

Click to access MGrzedzielski_p.pdf

Quasars what are they ?

The Astrophysical Journal, 553:L11–L13, 2001 May 20

X-RAY–EMITTING QSOs(Quasars)  EJECTED FROM ARP 220

G QSOs EJECTED FROM ARP 220
H. C. Arp
Max-Planck-Institut fu¨r Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Strasse 1, 85741 Garching, Germany
E. M. Burbidge
University of California San Diego Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences, La Jolla, CA 92093-0424
and
Y. Chu and X. Zhu
Center for Astrophysics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, China
Received 2001 February 6; accepted 2001 April 11; published 2001 May 8

 All of the evidence suggests that these QSOs have been ejected from z p 1.25
Arp 220 and have large intrinsic redshifts.

Click to access 015086.web.pdf

Well they are not black holes.