T Towsend Brown and Electrogravitics

Rather than follow relativity blindly with the assumption of curved space time, T T Brown instead followed Tesla’s work.  Which included Euclidian geometry instead.

His work with electrogravitics intertwined both electrostatics and gravity. He built devices that could fly using electricity, they were small and his work was not published. He did however  obtain patents as follows

Electrokinetic apparatus

This invention relates to a method of controlling gravitation and for deriving power therefrom, and to a method of producing linear force or motion. The method is fundamentally electrical.

The invention also relates to machines or apparatus requiring electrical energy that control or influence the gravitational field or the energy of gravitation; also to machines or apparatus requiring electrical energy that exhibit a linear force or motion which is believed to be independent of all frames of reference save that which is at rest relative to the universe taken as a whole, and said linear force or motion is furthermore believed to have no equal and opposite reaction that can be observed by any method.

Fields in space are produced by the presence of material bodies or electric charges.   They are gravitational fields or electric fields according to their causes.

Patents from Townsend Brown

Electrokenetic Patent

No Audio but real footage with his work with JNL labs

Pluto’s Atmosphere and plasma tail. NEW FINDINGS AMAZE

Well here is some data and analysis from New Horizons fly by.

PIA19948-NH-Pluto-Norgay-Hillary-Mountains-2050714

Many  surprises have already been revealed in the data thus far released from NASA’s New Horizons mission. Today, physicist Eugene Bagashov discusses what we have learned thus far about Pluto’s atmosphere and the larger Plutonian environment.

New Horizons has discovered a region of cold, dense ionized gas tens of thousands of miles beyond Pluto — the planet’s atmosphere being stripped away by the solar wind and lost to space. Beginning an hour and half after closest approach, the Solar Wind Around Pluto (SWAP) instrument observed a cavity in the solar wind — the outflow of electrically charged particles from the Sun — between 48,000 miles (77,000 km) and 68,000 miles (109,000 km) downstream of Pluto. SWAP data revealed this cavity to be populated with nitrogen ions forming a “plasma tail” of undetermined structure and length extending behind the planet.

Also other interesting data on other planets atmospheres including our own earth.

Well worth a watch.

Thanks To Thunderbolts

Tiny magnets mimic steam, water and ice

Researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) announced they have created a synthetic material with magnetic properties capable of changing states – just as water changes from solid ice to liquid or steam – with temperature change.

nano magnets

Honeycomb of nanomagnets

The magnets are only 63 nanometres long and shaped roughly like grains of rice. The researchers used a highly advanced technique to place 1 billion of these tiny grains on a flat substrate to form a large-scale honeycomb pattern. The nanomagnets covered a total area of five by five millimetres.

Thanks to a special measuring technique, the scientists initially studied the collective magnetic behaviour of their metamaterial at room temperature. Here there was no order in the magnetic orientation: the magnetic north and south poles pointed randomly in one direction or another.

When the researchers cooled the metamaterial gradually and constantly, however, they reached a point where a higher order appeared: the tiny magnets now noticed each other more than before. As the temperature fell further, there was another change towards an even higher order, in which the magnetic arrangement appeared almost frozen. The long-range order of water molecules increases in a similar way at the moment when water freezes into ice. “We were fascinated by the fact that our synthetic material displayed this everyday phenomenon of a phase transition,” says Heyderman

Credits

Nanomagnets and water properties

New Material Made From 1 Billion Tiny Magnets Changes States Like Water

Tiny magnets mimic steam, water and ice

Flux Ropes(Battery In Space) also known as Birkeland Currents

Nasa’s THEMIS spacecraft  recently re-discovered Birkeland currents, though without reference to Birkeland’s work published in 1908 (Norwegian Aurora Polaris Expedition, Vol I & II). NASA has likened the interaction to a 30kV battery in space, noting “THEMIS discovered a flux rope pumping a 650,000 Amp current into the Arctic.

“A Birkeland current is a set of currents that flow along geomagnetic field lines connecting the Earth’s magnetosphere to the Earth’s high latitude ionosphere. In the Earth’s magnetosphere, the currents are driven by the solar wind and interplanetary magnetic field and by bulk motions of plasma through the magnetosphere (convection indirectly driven by the interplanetary environment). The strength of the Birkeland currents changes with activity in the magnetosphere (e.g. during substorms). Small scale variations in the upward current sheets (downward flowing electrons) accelerate magnetospheric electrons which, when they reach the upper atmosphere, create the Auroras Borealis and Australis. In the high latitude ionosphere (or auroral zones), the Birkeland currents close through the region of the auroral electrojet, which flows perpendicular to the local magnetic field in the ionosphere.” Wiki

Hans Alfven and his contributions to Modern Astronomy

If you Wikipedia Hans Alfven this is what comes up

“Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén (Swedish: [alˈveːn]; 30 May 1908 – 2 April 1995) was a Swedish electrical engineer, plasma physicist and winner of the 1970 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). He described the class of MHD waves now known as Alfvén waves. He was originally trained as an electrical power engineer and later moved to research and teaching in the fields of plasma physics and electrical engineering. Alfvén made many contributions to plasma physics, including theories describing the behavior of aurorae, the Van Allen radiation belts, the effect of magnetic storms on the Earth’s magnetic field, the terrestrial magnetosphere, and the dynamics of plasmas in the Milky Way galaxy.”

Hans

If you dig a little deeper you will find

“Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén (Swedish: [alˈveːn]; 30 May 1908 – 2 April 1995) was a Swedish electrical engineer, plasma physicist and winner of the 1970 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). He described the class of MHD waves now known as Alfvén waves. He was originally trained as an electrical power engineer and later moved to research and teaching in the fields of plasma physics and electrical engineering. Alfvén made many contributions to plasma physics, including theories describing the behavior of aurorae, the Van Allen radiation belts, the effect of magnetic storms on the Earth’s magnetic field, the terrestrial magnetosphere, and the dynamics of plasmas in the Milky Way galaxy.”

Hasalfv

“Applications of Alfvén’s research in space science include:

Van Allen radiation belt theory
Reduction of the Earth’s magnetic field during magnetic storms
Magnetosphere (protective plasma covering the earth)
Formation of comet tails
Formation of the solar system
Dynamics of plasmas in the galaxy
Fundamental nature of the universe”

From here..

Hans Alfven in a Plasma universe

Hans Alfven did a lot of work with plasmas in the laboratory and recognised some of the same structures in space. This lead him to an understanding of workings within the universe that conflicted with mainstream Astronomy.

He was a critic against the Big Bang. ” The problem with the Big Bang was that astrophysicists tried to extrapolate the origin of the universe from mathematical theories developed on the blackboard. The Big Bang was a myth devised to explain creation, according to Alfvén”

“Alfvén’s work was disputed for many years by the senior scientist in space physics, the British-American geophysicist Sydney Chapman. Alfvén’s disagreements with Chapman stemmed in large part from trouble with the peer review system. Alfvén rarely benefited from the acceptance generally afforded senior scientists in scientific journals. He once submitted a paper on the theory of magnetic storms and auroras to the American journal Terrestrial Magnetism and Atmospheric Electricity, and his paper was rejected on the ground that it did not agree with the theoretical calculations of conventional physics of the time.”

Some quotes of his include

“I have always believed that astrophysics should be the extrapolation of laboratory physics, that we must begin from the present universe and work our way backward to progressively more remote and uncertain epochs.”

“We should remember that there was once a discipline called natural philosophy. Unfortunately, this discipline seems not to exist today. It has been renamed science, but science of today is in danger of losing much of the natural philosophy aspect.”

“Most people today still believe, perhaps unconsciously, in the heliocentric universe every newspaper in the land has a section on astrology, yet few have anything at all on astronomy.”

“We have to learn again that science without contact with experiments is an enterprise which is likely to go completely astray into imaginary conjecture.”
Hannes Alfven

His Honours include..

Honours
Alfvén was also honoured with the following:
1947 Member, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
1947 Member, Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences (resigned 1980).
1958 Foreign Member, Academy of Sciences of the USSR (Akademia NAUK).
1962 American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Boston.
1965 Honorary DSc, University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
1966 Foreign Member, National Academy of Sciences, Washington DC.
1967 Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society.
1970 Nobel Prize in Physics.
1971 Lomonosov Medal of the USSR Academy of Sciences.
1971 Gold Medal of the Franklin Institute.
1972 Foreign Member, Indian National Science Academy.
1974 Yugoslavian Academy of Science.
1977 Honorary DSc, University of Oxford.
1980 Foreign Member, Royal Society, London.
1985 Honorary PhD, Stockholm University.
1987 Bowie Gold Medal, American Geophysical Union.
1994 Dirac Medal, University of New South Wales and the Australian Institute of Physics.”

credits

http://www.plasma-universe.com/Hannes_Alfv%C3%A9n

Wiki

Maybe the laws of physics are wrong ? Nasa’s successful testing of an Electromagnetic drive system

A group at NASA’s Johnson Space Center has successfully tested an electromagnetic (EM) propulsion drive in a vacuum – a major breakthrough for a multi-year international effort comprising several competing research teams.

A2-350x140

Thrust measurements of the EM Drive defy classical physics’ expectations that such a closed (microwave) cavity should be unusable for space propulsion because of the law of conservation of momentum.

Nasa space drive

According to classical physics, the EMDrive should be impossible because it seems to violate the law of conservation of momentum.

The law states that the momentum of a system is constant if there are no external forces acting on the system – which is why propellant is required in traditional rockets.


A controversial design for a new, advanced type of space travel received a boost as German scientists confirmed that it does in fact work.

The EMDrive propulsion system would permit travel at speeds until now only seen in science fiction.

When the concept was first proposed it was considered impossible because it went against the laws of physics.

But subsequent tests – further backed up by this announcement – have shown that the idea could revolutionise space travel.

The system is based on electromagnetic drive, or EMDrive, which converts electrical energy into thrust without the need for rocket fuel.

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3177449/Nasa-s-impossible-fuel-free-thrusters-work-German-scientists-confirm-viability-super-fast-space-travel-slash-journey-moon-4-HOURS.html#ixzz3j9oxYx4K
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Black holes what the heck..

Black holes are everywhere according to media reports.

So lets go to the big cheese to see what they say about black holes from Nasa

“Don’t let the name fool you: a black hole is anything but empty space. Rather, it is a great amount of matter packed into a very small area – think of a star ten times more massive than the Sun squeezed into a sphere approximately the diameter of New York City. The result is a gravitational field so strong that nothing, not even light, can escape. In recent years, NASA instruments have painted a new picture of these strange objects that are, to many, the most fascinating objects in space.”

Yes because black holes are based on theoretical physics not actual real empirical physics.

So let us again look at the nature of black holes “The result is a gravitational field so strong that nothing, not even light, can escape.”

Well I assume that means gas as well, as I am sure the oxygen is held to the earth with its weak gravity.

So nothing can escape a black hole.

But instead observations from Active Galactic Nuclei suggests that matter is being continually ejected.

All galaxies according to science fairies have black holes in them.

Nasa then says this about the ejection and black holes

”  Before it falls in the gas becomes incredibly hot, so hot that it emits X-rays, Some of that gas doesn’t fall into the black hole but instead is shot out as ‘jets’ of hot gas.”

Ok so black holes have a gravity so strong light cannot escape, but x rays and hot gas can.

Sounds like a story to me, there hasn’t been one proven yet.

Our STAR , The Sun

Well it gives us life from the energy it throws our way, photosynthesis for plants and vitamin D for us.

son

It has been worshiped throughout the ages.

What do we really know about it ?

A quick google search will tell you hydrogen and helium and a light sprinkling of metals.

Sun_parts_big

Anything that talks about the center of the sun is theory. So forgot about the millions of degrees at the center of the sun, that is speculation. As there has been to date no concrete proof of this.

Let us instead talk about what we do know for a fact about our star.

The surface of the Sun that we typically see from Earth is the photosphere which is a brightly radiating layer of plasma only about 500 km thick. It is analogous to the ‘anode glow’ region of a laboratory gas discharge experiment

The temperature of the surface of the sun fluctuates according to the activity on the surface, but an average temperature of 5,500 degrees C has been obtained for the photosphere. This is not in the  millions or even hundreds of thousands. No you heard me 5500 C. Temperatures this hot have been made on earth.

The chromosphere is the innermost atmospheric layer. It is just above the photosphere. Here the temperature begins to rise again, to about 20000 degrees C

The Corona of the sun is hotter still, The corona can get about 2 million degrees C.

“The sun’s photosphere is often mistakenly referred to as the surface of the sun. In reality however, the sun’s photosphere is only a “liquid-like” plasma layer made of neon that covers the actual surface of the sun. That visible layer we see with our eyes is composed of penumbral filaments that are several hundred kilometers deep. This visible neon plasma layer that we call the photosphere, and a thicker, more dense atmospheric layer composed of silicon plasma, entirely covers the actual rocky, calcium ferrite surface layer of the sun. The visible photosphere covers the actual surface of the sun, much as the earth’s oceans cover most of the surface of the earth. In this case the sun’s photosphere is very bright and we cannot see the darker, more rigid surface features below the photosphere without the aid of satellite technology.

Nasa's SOHO Satellite imagery of the transition layer beneath the photosphere
Nasa’s SOHO Satellite imagery of the transition layer beneath the photosphere

The composition and mechanical inner workings of the sun beneath the visible photosphere have remained an enigma for thousands of years. There are a whole host of unexplained phenomena related to the sun’s activities that still baffle gas model theorists to this day because they fail to recognize the existence of an iron alloy transitional layer that rests beneath the visible photosphere. Fortunately a host of new satellites and the field of heliosiesmology are starting to shed new light on this mysterious “stratification subsurface” layer of the sun that is located about 4800km beneath the visible photosphere. In addition, recent studies of solar wind suggest that solar wind also originates on the same transition layer under the photosphere as do the electrically charged coronal loops. NASA’s SOHO satellite and the Trace satellite program have both imaged this transition layer of the sun that sits beneath the photosphere. These 21st century satellites and technologies now enable us to peer behind the outer plasma layers of the chromosphere and photosphere and allow us to study the rocky, calcium ferrite transitional layer with incredible precision.

Click to access TheSurfaceOfTheSun.pdf

The running difference imaging technique used by both NASA and Lockheed Martin have revealed to us for the first time that the sun is not simply a ball of hydrogen gas in space; it has a hard and rigid ferrite surface below the visible photosphere

T171_20030818_090001

The surface can also be seen in raw satellite images. This close up standard image of the surface layer is provided by Trace using its 171 angstrom filter. This close up image shows remarkable surface detail and also shows a close up view of the solar wind created from the electrical arcs. These arcs create streamers as they travel through the sun’s outer atmosphere of mass separated plasmas.
T171_20030818_090231The same remarkable surface detail is still clearly visible in the transitional region two and half minutes later although the lighting has changed slightly due to changes in the electrical arcs coming from the surface. Unlike in the running difference images, in “standard” close up images we can also see the base of the electrical arcs as they rise off the surface into the silicon plasma to form the familiar coronal loop patterns seen in the upper atmosphere.”

Credit

http://www.thesurfaceofthesun.com/

Electricity clearly has a significant role.

In thiIn this day and age there is no longer any doubt that electrical effects in plasmas play an important role in the phenomena we observe on the Sun.s day and age there is no longer any doubt that electrical effects in plasmas play an important role in the phenomena we observe on the Sun.

In this day and age there is no longer any doubt that electrical effects in plasmas play an important role in the phenomena we observe on the Sun.

Most of the space within our galaxy is occupied by plasma (rarefied ionized gas) containing electrons (negative charges) and ionized atoms (positive charges). Every charged particle in the plasma has an electric potential energy (voltage) just as every pebble on a mountain has a mechanical potential energy with respect to sea level.

The Sun is at the center of a plasma cell, called the heliosphere, that stretches far out – several times the radius of Pluto. As of 9/9/2012 the radius of this plasma cell has been measured to be greater than 18 billion km or 122 times the distance from the Sun to Earth. These are facts not hypotheses.

The Sun is at a more positive electrical potential (voltage) than is the space plasma surrounding it – probably in the order of several billion volts.
Positive ions leave the Sun and electrons enter the Sun. Both of these flows add to form a net positive current flowing through the Sun (entering at the poles and leaving radially at lower latitudes). This constitutes a plasma discharge analogous in every way (except size) to those that have been observed in electrical plasma laboratories for decades. Because of the Sun’s positive charge (voltage), it acts as the anode in a plasma discharge. As such, it exhibits many of the phenomena observed in earthbound plasma laboratory experiments.

The Solar Wind

Positive ions stream outward from the Sun’s surface and accelerate away, through the corona, for as far as we have been able to measure. It is thought that these particles eventually make up a portion of the cosmic ray flux that permeates the cosmos. The ‘wind’ varies with time and has even been observed to stop completely for a period of a day or two.

http://electric-cosmos.org/sun.htm

A couple of questions I found that were interesting

Dr. David Hathaway, a solar scientist at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center,

what determines the frequency of solar activity?

David: The sunspot cycle and solar magnetism.

What makes the out layers of the sun so unstable as to eject flares and cause the coronal loops?

David: It’s all magnetism. The magnetic fields are produced inside the sun by the motions of ionized gases. Those magnetic fields rise thru the surface and can become twisted which results in explosions like flares and coronal mass ejections.

Sources

http://news.softpedia.com/news/Could-the-Sun-Have-a-Solid-Surface-52143.shtml

http://electric-cosmos.org/sun.htm

http://www.nasa.gov/connect/chat/solar_chat2.html

http://nmp.jpl.nasa.gov/st5/SCIENCE/sun.html

The latest from Astronomy corp ! Supermassive Black Holes !!

Five ‘Supermassive’ Black Holes Discovered

Latest discovery of 5 Super Massive Black holes

An artist's impression of a black hole at the center of a galaxy
An artist’s impression of a black hole at the center of a galaxy

Once again the corporate media has given us more theory regarding the middle of galaxies that doesn’t actually make sense. A Supermassive black hole is at the center of our galaxy. It sounds pretty scary, anyway it has to be right because it is all about gravity and these guys must know what they are talking about.

Let us look at the facts about the middle of our galaxy and then let us look at theory of black holes.

Our galaxy the milky way has a center which the rest of us spin around. X-ray and radio observations offer the best evidence yet that, as long suspected, high-energy particles stream from the heart of our galaxy. There is also gas being ejected. So we have the center of the galaxy making stuff and energy. The center of the galaxy is shrouded in so much gas and dust that nothing is easy to see there from our perspective on Earth. “There’s basically all the gunk between us and the galactic center, plus a big screen of plasma that is sort of like bathroom shower glass, serving to smear out images because of electron scattering,” says astronomer Sera Markoff of the University of Amsterdam.

You would think that a supermassive black hole would consume vast amounts of material around it and be visible by the absence of material around it. But no, it doesn’t work like this at all. The center of our galaxy is an electrical furnace creating the material and elements found within it. Not a destroyer of matter, as black hole theory would suggest.

M87 and the center glowing brightly. Just where is that black hole now ?
M87 and the center glowing brightly. Just where is that black hole now ?

Why are we bombarded with back holes when..

They cannot define it as a region of space or an object in space.

They have never seen one and don’t know what they are made of.

They are predicted in gravity theory but sadly to this day have never been proven as fact.

Black Holes ? M87 the evidence..

Galaxies like to hang out together in groups, in our group at the heart is M87, a supergiant galaxy.

Messier 87 (also known as Virgo A or NGC 4486, and generally abbreviated to M87) is a supergiant elliptical galaxy in the constellation Virgo. One of the most massive galaxies in the local universe, it is notable for its large population of globular clusters—M87 contains about 12,000 compared to the 150-200 orbiting the Milky Way—and its jet of energetic plasma that originates at the core and extends outward at least 1,500 parsecs (4,900 light-years), travelling at relativistic speed. It is one of the brightest radio sources in the sky, and is a popular target for both amateur astronomy observations and professional astronomy study.

Once again when dealing with the wonders of our local supercluster we have annoying theoretical concepts hijacking the research.

“At the core of this galaxy is a supermassive black hole (SMBH) with an estimated (3.5 ± 0.8) × 109 times the mass of the Sun. This is one of the highest masses known for such an object.”

m87

“So gravity pulls on light just as on rocks. We also know that we can put rocks in orbit, can we put light in orbit? Yes! but we need a very heavy object whose radius is very small, for example, we need something as heavy as the sun but squashed to a radius of less than about 3km. Given such an object, light moving towards it in the right direction will, if it comes close enough land in an orbit around it. If you place yourself in the path of light as it orbits the object, you’d be able to see your back.
But we can go farther and imagine an object so massive and compact that if we turn on a laser beam on its surface gravity’s pull will bend it back towards the surface. Think what this means: since no light can leave this object it will appear perfectly black, this is a black hole. An object which comes sufficiently close to a black hole will also disappear into it (since nothing moves faster than light if an object traps light it will also trap everything else).

The effect of a black holes, like all gravitational effects, decreases with distance. This means that there will be a “boundary” surrounding the black hole such that anything crossing it will be unable to leave the region near the black hole; this boundary is called the black-hole horizon see Fig. 7.10 Anything crossing the horizon is permanently trapped. Black holes are prefect roach motels: once you check in (by crossing the horizon), you never check out.”

Taken from

http://physics.ucr.edu/~wudka/Physics7/Notes_www/node90.html

But we find instead of stars being sucked into this supermassive black hole as theory would suggest..

Talk about getting the cosmic boot! One of the largest known galaxies in the universe, Messier 87 (M87), appears to have hurled an entire star cluster in our direction.

“Jet of energetic plasma that originates at the core and extends outward”

Ejection from black holes ?

Plasma being ejected from m87
Plasma being ejected from m87

So ejection comes from a black hole in the center that is supposedly pulling everything in.

That doesn’t make sense.. Welcome to black holes, a waste of our time.

I thought black holes sucked everything in.